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Qijiang Ancient Town


Qijiang Ancient Town is located in the south of Santai County in Mianyang City, 45 kilometers from the county center, 124 km away from Chengdu. Qijiang boasts a long history, which used to be the capital city of Qi Kingdom during the Spring and Autumn Period; the ancient town features rich cultural heritage, with the existing palaces of Imperial Palace, Royal Highness Temple, Thousand Buddha Statues Cliff, Qijiang King City, Rooftop Academy and other precious cultural relics, as well as the Ming and Qing ancient streets, dozens of huge ficus trees, ancient theatrical stages, ancient post roads and so on. 

Outside the town's ancient, there is an ancient stone bridge across the Qijiang River named Bridge of Nine Dragons, started built in the Qing Emperor Qianlong Period(AD 1736 --1795). The bridge uses nine dragons in high relief as the pier, and 20 rectangular flat stones as the beam. The nine dragons of various shapes, build against the current, are vividly constructed, which showcases the exquisite workmanship. In 1992, Qijiang Town was announced as the historical and cultural town in Sichuan Province.


In between Qijiang Riverbanks hills, with the town as the center, there is a distribution of tens of thousands of cliffs, among which the Han Cliff tomb group of the Qijiang River is one of the four grand tomb groups around the country. In some places the cliff tombs are dispersed row upon row, as dense as hives. Within the tombs, some shapes are nationwide unique, such as caisson ceilings, scattering blossoms, brackets, window frames, and railing and other shapes. Ethnic Han paintings like "Dog Bites Rat", "Erotic Secret Show " and other Han stone inscriptions represent the folk culture of Chinese Han. On the other hand, the stoves, water wells, niches, stoves case, closet, bed table, stairs, drains and other stone inscriptions in the Han tombs are a vivid reappearance of the Han daily living lifestyle and daily habits 2000 years ago. The entire tomb groups can be described as a scroll depicting the real life and culture of the Han Chinese.

Town-God Temple
On every 27th of May according to lunar calendar, believers from around the village rush miles into Qijiang Town to attend the centuries-old Town-God Temple Fair. And such activities have been listed as the intangible cultural heritage of Sichuan Province, thanks to an ancient folk event—Pray for Rain, during which believers pray for peace and good weather before the Town-God Temple. On the day of the fair, people love to go to the ancient town for the view of folk performances, to listen to the ancient opera on the theatrical stage and to go into the ancient Qi Kingdom tomb group to experience the culture.

When the Town-God is on parade, he will let loose the judge, cow-head, horse-face, big and small ghosts from the Underworld, in order to arrest the bad guys. This is intended to drive away the scourge and epidemic disease, to display to the public the emotion expression and activities of the other world, and at the same time to show all the activities of this world, which is also an expression of the people’s yearning for a better life. The most exciting of all is to pray for rain, during which "Golden Dragon" and "Water Dragon" are being used. Within the cheering crowds, the "dragon" in the lure of the "Pearl" perform hopping, diving, changing from time to time; and the grass-made "Water Dragon" in the surroundings of numerous water injection guns fly up and down, making a spectacular scene and winning bursts of applause from the crowd. All of these are entrusted with the people's desire for good weather and pray for good and punishment of evil, as well as karma. The realistic atmosphere, both haze of terror and festive joy bring people involved an educational performance.

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